Criminal liability for spreading rumors enacted in Kazakhstan

Criminal liability for spreading rumors was enacted in Kazakhstan, reports.

January 1, 2015, a new Penal Code came into effect, which consists of 467 articles. The previous law had 393 articles.

«Spread of false information» is the name of an article in the Penal Code, providing for up to a 10-year prison sentence for it.

It says that for the rumors spread through the media or social networks, the culprits could face a fine (up to 5 000 MCI), corrective work in the same size, restraint of liberty for a term of 2 to 5 years, or imprisonment for the same term.

The bill introduces a two-tier system of punishable offences, including number of administrative offenses against a person, rights of minors, public safety, public order, as well as misdemeanors.

The Penal Code is meant to upgrade the punitive legislation and strengthen the fight against crime in modern conditions, enhancing the protection of citizens’ rights and interests of the state.

To humanize the penal legislation, confiscation of property is excluded from the sanctions of 45 articles as a form of additional punishment.

Along with that, liability is stiffened for corruption offenses, such as deprivation of right to hold specific posts for persons convicted of corruption offences, strengthened penalties for bribery.

For crimes against minors, specifically sexual offenses against minors, the culprits are deprived of the right to work with children for a lifetime.

Perpetrators of economic crimes, who fully compensate for the damage, will not be deprived of their liberty.

An article was added on medical crimes, including criminal liability for trafficking of counterfeit medicines. Liability is tougher for the manifestation of extremism and terrorism, the spread of radical ideologies, in particular, with the use of new technologies.

On January 1, 2015, new Code of Administrative Offences came into effect too.

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